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In French, an infinitive has one of three endings: -er, -ir, or -re. For example parler (to speak), finir (to finish), and vendre […] Thanks for the answers. Example: avoir l’intention + de + infinitif → J’ai l’intention d’ apprendre à jouer au tennis. There is no formula for why these verbs behave like this; they must simply be memorized. In many expressions, the choice of the preposition à or de before an infinitive is purely idiomatic; that is, it is unrelated to meaning. I intend to start playing tennis. Whereas if the noun was not undegoing the action you would use de:Nous avons la permission d'entrer. We already studied common French verbs followed by the prepositions ‘à’ and “de”. But French infinitives are used in a variety of other ways, too. The infinitive is the verb form generally used after a preposition in French. In French, you choose between du, de la, de l’ and des, depending on whether the noun is masculine or feminine, singular or plural. du, de la, de l’ and des can all be used to give information about the amount or quantity of a particular thing. Certain conjugated verbs must be followed directly by the preposition [DE] before an infinitive verb. When to use the infinitive in French. Does a passive nuance also influence infinitives when they modify nouns ? L’infinitif is an impersonal verb form (like the gerund and the past participle) that is used after certain words and phrases.In addition to following a verb, the infinitive often follows the prepositions à and de.. An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. So, for instance, if something was being done to/with the noun you would use à+infinitive:Il y a un appartement à louer. Write the infinitive or a conjugated form and the French Conjugator will provide you a list of all the verb tenses and persons: future, participle, present, subjunctive, auxiliary verb. Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. And de is required after many French verbs and phrases that need an indirect object , Keep in mind that de plus a noun can be replaced by the adverbial pronoun en . Translate a French verb in context, with examples of use and see its definition. Now, here is a list of common French verbs which are not followed by any preposition when followed by a verb in the infinitive. The French preposition de is required after certain verbs and phrases when they are followed by an infinitive. French conjugation: the best way to learn how to conjugate a French verb. J’ai essayé d’appeler ma mère, mais la ligne était occupée. In such cases, one must memorize which preposition is used. It’s very common in French that if you want to use verbs in a row, they may need to be separated with a preposition (de or à – we’ll get to à another time). Source: p 189, French prepositions à and de in infinitival complements, A pragma-semantic analysis (2008) by Lidia Fraczak, as part of Adpositions: Pragmatic, Semantic and Syntactic perspectives (2008) edited by D Kurzon, S Adler Some verbs require À or DE when followed by nouns. This lesson expands upon the list of common verbs you learned in my free A2 level lesson , and it includes examples for every verb in French with English translations. À (to) and de (from, about) are the most common prepositions in French. Verb + de + infinitive. They are often translated into English as some or any. In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives. The second verbs comes directly after the first verb, as in “Paul adore jouer au foot” (Paul loves to play soccer). 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